Guidelines in Selecting Kitchen Lighting
Selecting kitchen lighting is a very important aspect in the design of your kitchen. By now you should have the new kitchen floor plan laid out in detail. If not, go back to kitchen appliances and kitchen cabinets to do the lay out.
Kitchen lighting serves two purposes:
- It is decorative as in highlighting something in your kitchen.
- It is to ensure you can see all your work surfaces without shadows.
The first item to be determined is HOW MUCH LIGHT do I need? There is no simple answer for this question because if the kitchen has a lot of natural light, the wattage numbers will be low.
By the reverse, if the kitchen is dark (dark cabinets, countertops, flooring, etc.), the wattage numbers will be much higher.
Here are some basic guidelines for selecting kitchen lighting beyond the simple I like that light or the way it looks you see in the store. So, plan carefully as you will have this fixture for a long time.
|Type||Incandescent||Fluorescent||Height above floor|
|General Lighting||2 to 4 watts per square foot||1 to ½ watts||90 to 96 inches|
|Dining tables||100 to 120 watts (adjustable)||Not recommended||24 to 36 inches above the table|
|Countertops||60 to 100 watts per 6 SF||20 watts per 6 SF||14 to 22 inches above the surface|
|Sinks/cleanup||150 watts||30 to 40 watts||24 to 26 inches above the surface|
|Cooking||150 watts||30 to 40 watts||18 to 26 inches above the surface|
Accent lighting:This will provide lighting that shows off a specific area or create a specific mood.
Types of Fixtures: Surface mount, suspended, recessed, track, under/over cabinet or cove or consider any combination of these fixtures.